The Structure of Thucydides’ History - Rawlings, Hunter R., III. PERICLES, THUCYDIDES, SON OF MELESIAS, AND ATHENIAN POLITICS BEFORE THE WAR Thucydides, son of Melesias, is traditionally the model of the virtuous aristocrat, representative of the old order, who gathered under his wing the nobles left leaderless by the death of Cimon and created a party of opposition to the democrat, Pericles. tags: bravery, courage, fame, freedom, irony, pericles, sarcasm, war. [2.47.3] Not many days after their arrival in Attica the plague first began to show itself among the Athenians. Salem, NH: Ayer, 1985. This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in 431 B.C., just after the start of war. 1 Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration I will speak first of our ancestors, for it is right and seemly that now, when we are lamenting the dead, a tribute should be paid to their memory. Thucydides wanted to persuade his readers that Pericles was not the villain who destroyed Athens, that the blame fell to the politicians who came after him and pandered to the most extreme ambitious of the common citizens, the politicians who were the ultimate arbiters of policy in Athens's democracy. Chronologically, the first mention of Pericles by Thucydides is in 454 BCE, some 25 years into the Pentecontaetia, where he led the defeat of the Sicyonians, took Achaea, but unsuccessfully laid siege to Oeniadae. [Funeral Oration of Pericles]” ― Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War. Like “Right, as the world goes, is only in question between equals in power, while the strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.” ― Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War. Beiträge zur klassischen Philologie, 129. Thucydides, son of Melesias ... As a result of his failure in confronting Pericles, Thucydides was ostracized for ten years, in 442 BC, and Pericles once again stood unchallenged in the Athenian political arena. An 1852 painting by Philipp von Foltz depicting Pericles's Funeral Oration — a speech from Thucydides's History of the Peloponnesian War. In Thucydides' narrative presentations, she argues, the aggressive deployment of armed force is frequently unproductive or counter-productive, and even the threat to use armed force against others causes consequences that can be impossible for the aggressor to predict or contain. tags: bravery, courage, fame, freedom, irony, pericles, sarcasm, war. Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War: Martha Taylor: 9781107415409: Books - Amazon.ca Thucydides’ reference to the “land being laid waste outside” refers not only to the progress of the plague beyond the city’s walls but the ongoing war with Sparta. Marshall comes to some interesting conclusions about Pericles’ and Cleon’s speeches, more specifically how Thucydides is biased in his feelings and opinions of the speeches. Wikimedia Commons. The historian Thucydides admired him profoundly and refused to criticize him. THUCYDIDES' EVALUATION OF PERICLES. Article Summary In the article “ Cleon and Pericles: Sphacteria” M.H.B. Knowledge of the life of Pericles derives largely from two sources. In Thucydides’ narrative, Pericles’ pride in Athens, refusal to yield to Sparta, and brilliant oratory lead Athens into the war. Thucydides and Pericles are not the only ones to attribute special significance to the Athenian feat of abandoning the city to fight the Persians. 108 likes. Thus, while Thucydides paints Pericles and his grand strategy for the war as completely reasonable, Kagan finds this to be a revisionist interpretation. When Pericles inevitably dies, there is a power gap which causes political tension (Montgomery. In her analysis of Pericles’ speech at 2.13, Foster combines attention to narrative context with … Edith Foster compares Thucydides' narrative explanations and descriptions of the Peloponnesian War in Books One and Two of the History with the arguments about warfare and war materials offered by the Athenian statesman Pericles in those same books. Sparta, actually, withdrew from their planned assault on Athens because of the plague but continued their war efforts elsewhere. Introduces speeches of Thucydides’ History, including Pericles Funeral Oration. What is Thucydides' trap? Thucydides on the plague [2.47.2] In the first days of summer the Spartans and their allies, with two-thirds of their forces as before, invaded Attica, under the command of Archidamus, son of Zeuxidamus, king of Sparta, and sat down and laid waste the country. and fifty years younger than Pericles respectively, Thucydides and Aristophanes alike were born and grew more or less in the wake of his early and middle dynamic political career. Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War: Taylor, Martha: 9780521765930: Books - Amazon.ca On a deeper reading, despite the more typical views that Thucydides’ was an admirer of Pericles, it can be shown that Thucydides finds fault with the Periclean aspirations of Athens’ political wellbeing, since they undermine Athens’ political stability. Like “The bravest are surely those who have the clearest vision of what is before them, glory and danger alike, and yet notwithstanding, go out to meet it.” ― Thucydides 106 likes. It is as good as the people are, or as bad.” ― Mary Renault, The Last of the Wine. Thucydides isn't concerned with morality, but pragmatism.

Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War is the first comprehensive study of Thucydides' presentation of Pericles' radical redefinition of the city of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. ‘Pericles' Funeral Oration’ by Philipp Foltz (1852). The war breaks when the Thirty Year treaty is broken. The famous funeral oration speech by Pericles (Philipp Foltz) After this, it starts off with the actual war beginnings. 109 likes. 1942. The plague started at the onset of the second Peloponnesian invasion in the spring of 430. The Structure of Thucydides' History. 108 likes. Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a famous part in “The History of the Peloponnesian War”. Thucydides, Pericles, and the Idea of Athens in the Peloponnesian War is the first comprehensive study of Thucydides'' presentation of Pericles'' radical redefinition of the city of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. Blame for the protracted and plague-ridden strife of Athens was laid at the feet of the fickle nature of democratic rule by the Athenian historian. Following immediately on the funeral oration, that brilliant account of Athenian democracy delivered by Pericles, and standing in juxtaposition to it, is Thucydides' clinically vivid description of the plague that attacked the city like an invading army. The historian Thucydides wrote about the speech of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War.” Thucydides wrote that the speech was reproduced from his memory and was a loose account only. Thucydides, Pericles, and Periclean Imperialism: Foster, Edith: 9780521192668: Books - Amazon.ca Thucydides and Religion - Marinatos, Nanno. Thucydides - Hornblower, Simon. 7.26 Such were the arguments by which Pericles tried to cure the Athenians of their anger against him and to divert their thoughts from their immediate afflictions. Königstein/Ts, 1981. [Funeral Oration of Pericles]” ― Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War. It is no accident that he precedes the description of the plague with the funeral oration given by Pericles, Athens’ ruler. It is what it says, the rule of the people. Like “What is democracy? Thucydides and Religion. - Ziolkowski, John E. Thucydides and the Tradition of Funeral Speeches at Athens. Thucydides’ Pericles makes an emphatic appeal to the very foundations of Athens’ power and … Thucydides, Pericles, and Periclean Imperialism In this book, Edith Foster compares Thucydides’ descriptions of the Pelo-ponnesian War in books one and two of the History with the arguments about warfare and war materials offered by the Athenian statesman Pericles in those same books. [Funeral Oration of Pericles]” ― Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides and Geopolitics. ( Public Domain ) Another key difference is that Herodotus' chronicles show what moral lessons can be learnt. The final three chapters serve three purposes: to show how Thucydides distinguishes his own views from those of Pericles; to demonstrate that Pericles is painted as an exemplar of the seductive power of a war-material acme; and to explain why Thucydides nevertheless praises Pericles. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981. At this point, Thucydides becomes less a diagnostician than a tragedian. tags: bravery, courage, fame, freedom, irony, pericles, sarcasm, war. Pericles’ Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz (1852). Thucydides : Thucydides' Peloponnesian War - better than Herodotus' Histories? There has never been a time when they did not inhabit this land, which by their valor they will have handed down from generation to generation, and we have received from them a free state. Background and education. Nicias evaluates the expedition to Sicily with Periclean prudence, but his fear of a change in fortune and of the Athenian assembly lead to the expedition’s defeat. ... Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy, New York: Free Press, 1998.

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